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The Treatment of Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus with Autologous Osteochondral Transplantation and Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate

01/10/2011

Surgical Technique

John G. Kennedy1
Christopher D. Murawski1

1 Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA

Abstract

Objective: To present the functional results after autologous osteochondral transplantation with bone marrow aspirate concentrate in 72 patients, while placing an emphasis on the surgical technique. Methods: Between 2005 and 2009, 72 patients underwent autologous osteochondral transplantation under the care of the senior author. The mean patient age at the time of surgery was 34.19 years (range, 16-85 years). All patients were followed for a minimum of 1 year after surgery. The mean follow-up time was 28.02 months (range, 12-64 months). Patient-reported outcome measures were taken preoperatively and at final follow-up using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and Short Form–12 (SF-12) general health questionnaire. Identical questionnaires were used in all instances. Results: The mean FAOS scores improved from 52.67 points preoperatively to 86.19 points postoperatively (range, 71-100 points). The mean SF-12 scores also improved from 59.40 points preoperatively to 88.63 points postoperatively (range, 52-98 points). Three patients reported donor site knee pain after surgery, and one patient required the decompression of a cyst that developed beneath the graft site approximately 2 years after the index procedure. Conclusion: Autologous osteochondral transplantation is a reproducible and primary treatment strategy for large osteochondral lesions of the talus.

Christopher D. Murawski, Hospital for Special Surgery, 523 East 72nd Street, Suite 514, New York, NY 10021

Traducción al español

Conclusión: el trasplante autólogo osteocondral es una estrategia de tratamiento reproducible y primaria para grandes lesiones osteocondrales del astrágalo.




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